How are fossils dated using carbon dating
Note that, contrary to a popular misconception, carbon dating is not used to date rocks at millions of years old.
Before we get into the details of how radiometric dating methods are used, we need to review some preliminary concepts from chemistry.
We can't date oil paints, because their oil is "old" carbon from petroleum. And third, it is common to soak new-found fossils in a preservative, such as shellac.
It is also standard to coat fossils during their extraction and transport.
Half the original quantity of carbon-14 will decay back to the stable element nitrogen-14 after only 5,730 years.
(This 5,730-year period is called the half-life of radiocarbon, Figure 1).1 2 At this decay rate, hardly any carbon-14 atoms will remain after only 57,300 years (or ten half-lives).
Indeed, if all the atoms making up the entire earth were radiocarbon, then after only 1 million years absolutely no carbon-14 atoms should be left!After 5600 years, if we start with a gram, we end up with half a gram.This rather complex formula shows you how to solve this puzzle using accepted scientific methods.This is a formula which helps you to date a fossil by its carbon.If a fossil contains 60% of its original carbon, how old is the fossil? That means this is how long it takes for half the nuclei to decay.
The universe is full of naturally occurring radioactive elements.